15 June 2024 - Mission Day: 10424 - DOY: 167
Pick of The Week

Peering Through the Layers (May 13, 2004)

Hi-res TIF image (3.3M).

MPEG: Large (2.0M)
Quicktime: Large (1.0M), Small (235K)

The five images of the Sun (seen in the video clip) were taken on May 12, 2004 at about the same time. Every day SOHO views the solar atmosphere in normal or white light and at several wavelengths of extreme ultraviolet light in order to reveal the structure and activity of solar material at different temperatures, which consequently means different altitudes above the surface. It's almost like peeling away layers of an onion to see what the layer underneath looks like, though some features overlap so it is a bit more complicated than that.

In the order they appear in the video there is a progression from the coolest to the hottest temperatures of material being observed. These are:

  • the orange continuum image of the Sun's surface, about   6,000 degrees K. (This misses a lot of the activity in the corona that the other images reveal.)
  • the (red-orange) image in a spectral line of singly ionized helium was taken at 304 Angstroms (top right), at 60,000 to 80,000 degrees Kelvin;
  • in the (blue) image at 171 Angstroms, ions of iron are viewed at about 0.9 - 1.0 million K. (8 and 9 times ionized iron)
  • in the (green) image at 195 Angstroms, again ions of iron are viewed at about 1.5 million K. (11 times ionized iron);
  • in the (yellow) final image at 284 Angstroms, ions of iron are viewed at about 2.0 - 2.5 million K. (14 times ionized iron).
Different features are viewed at different wavelengths. We want the differentiation in temperature so we can understand the flow of energy among features in the solar atmosphere, and what kinds of energy (thermal, mechanical, electromagnetic) are involved in creating, sustaining, and destroying the features. The brighter areas usually indicate a higher density of material, and thus, greater magnetic activity. All the images are digital, and record only the intensity of the light in the given bandpass. The colors are used for quick identification and to remind people that EUV radiation, like visible light, is composed of a variety of wavelengths -- colors -- that can tell us different things.

Previous Picks of the Week

SOHO began its Weekly Pick some time after sending a weekly image or video clip to the American Museum of Natural History (Rose Center) in New York City. There, the SOHO Weekly Pick is displayed with some annotations on a large plasma display.

If your institution would also like to receive the same Weekly Pick from us for display (usually in Photoshop or QuickTime format), please send your inquiry to steele.hill@gsfc.nasa.gov.


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Last modification: July 27, 2020

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